Graphviz Build Instructions for Windows
For building on Windows:
(Graphviz versions ≥ 2.41)
First, in the root of the repository, perform
git submodule update --init. This will download all submodules, which are mostly the dependencies for the Windows build.
Next, add the windows\dependencies\graphviz-build-utilities directory to your PATH (and restart Visual Studio or the prompt with which you execute msbuild after that). This folder contains the tools Bison, Flex and SED (and future additions) with versions that are tested.
If all went right, the dependencies are now set up and you can build Graphviz.
(Graphviz versions ≥ 2.30)
The current build process for Windows using Visual Studio is fairly simple assuming all of the necessary files are available and have been put in the correct place. The build assumes you have installed binary versions of GTK 2.0 or later, Qt, and ltdl, and source versions of GTS and ann. Further instructions can be found in the Graphviz gitlab repository.
This whole process could and should be simplified. In particular, the 3rd-party software should not be stored in two places, and the Graphviz files that are made part of the release should come from the source package, and not be stored separately. In addition, the GTS and ANN build should be separate from the Graphviz build. As 3rd-party libraries, these should only be built when the source is updated.
(Graphviz versions ≥ 2.22)
We now build both Visual Studio and MinGW versions of Graphviz. In addition, the source package comes with project files for Visual Studio, so building from source should be fairly simple in either case.
- The first step is to add the third-party libraries. These are listed here. This is most easily done by installing a Windows binary version of GTK 2.0 or later.
- Next, download and unwrap the Graphviz source package, and copy over either the stable release or the development source package.
Let $ROOT be the root directory (folder) in which you stored the Graphviz source.
Building with Visual Studio
- Copy the file $ROOT/windows/config.h into $ROOT.
- Copy the folder $ROOT/windows/FEATURE into $ROOT.
- Start Visual Studio and read in $ROOT/graphviz.sln. There are project files for all of the parts of Graphviz.
- Modify the various settings for include file and library directories to find the third-party software.
- Modify the settings as to where you want the software installed.
- Build Graphviz.
Building with MinGW
- Install MinGW and Msys. This gives a mini GNU-like compile environment
Set environment variables based on your machine, giving values to the first six below:
export INSTALLROOT # Root install directory export GTKDIR # Root of GTK tree export FONTCONFIGINCLUDEDIR # Path of fontconfig include dir export FONTCONFIGLIBDIR # Path of fontconfig lib dir export FREETYPEINCLUDEDIR # Path of freetype2 include dir export FREETYPELIBDIR # Path of freetype2 lib dir export CFLAGS="-DGVDLL=1" export CPPFLAGS="-I$GTKDIR/include -I$GTKDIR/include/freetype2 " export LDFLAGS="-L$GTKDIR/lib -no-undefined" export FONTCONFIG_CFLAGS=-I$GTKDIR/include/ export FONTCONFIG_LIBS="-L$FONTCONFIGLIBDIR -lfontconfig" export FREETYPE2_CFLAGS=-I$FREETYPEINCLUDEDIR export FREETYPE2_LIBS=-L$FREETYPELIBDIR export PKG_CONFIG=$GTKDIR/bin/pkg-config export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$GTKDIR/lib/pkgconfig export PANGOFLAGS="--with-fontconfig --with-fontconfiglibdir=$FONTCONFIGLIBDIR --with-fontconfigincludedir=$FONTCONFIGINCLUDEDIR --with-pangocairo"
Change directory to $ROOT and run configure:
./configure -C --prefix=$INSTALLROOT --without-gdk-pixbuf --with-mylibgd --disable-swig --without-x --disable-tcl --without-ipsepcola --enable-shared --disable-static --with-freetype=$GTKDIR/lib --enable-ltdl $PANGOFLAGS --without-gtk --without-gtkgl
When configure finishes, it lists all of the Graphviz features that have been enabled. If there are problems, you can check for errors in
config.log. You may have to add or modify other flags and environment variables for
configureto give you the settings you want. Run
configure --helpto see the allowed options and environment variables.
These builds create a feature-full version of Graphviz. You can tailor
them to your wants. This is fairly simple for MinGW: just remove or reset
the flag of the option you don’t want. For Visual Studio, you will probably
need to reset some of the values in
config.h and some of the
(2.21 >= Graphviz versions > 2.14)
To simplify our build process, especially as most Windows users only want a binary version of the software, the Graphviz build for Windows now uses uwin, an open-source Unix layer on top of Windows. In this environment, we can use essentially the same tools and process used on Unix. In particular, we do not have to maintain multiple build files.
To build Graphviz:
- Install the third-party libraries. This is most easily done by installing a Windows binary verion of GTK 2.0 or later.
- Download the Graphviz source package,
and copy over either the stable release
.tar.gzor the development source package
Unwrap the package:
You can use, for example,
gunzip < graphviz-working.tar.gz | tar xf -
$ROOTbe the directory in which you stored the Graphviz source.
Configure the package for your system:
cd $ROOT configure --disable-shared --enable-static --with-mylibgd --disable-swig --without-x --without-tclsh --with-codegens --disable-ltdl
You will probably want to provide additional arguments to
configureto indicate where you have installed GTK, where you want the results installed (
--prefix) and which additional optional packages you want built. Run
configure --helpto see the available set of arguments.
Presumably, a similar approach would work with Cygwin or MinGW. The following are some notes by Steve Roush describing how he made a static build of the libraries on MinGW.
- Install MinGW and Msys. This gives a mini GNU-like compile environment that produces Windows-compatible results.
- You may need to configure and build in Windows “Safe mode”. Try
./configurein normal mode; if it dies with “fork” problems, use Safe mode.
Edit the “configure” file. after this line:
add these lines:
case "$host_os" in mingw*) DEFS="$DEFS -DMSWIN32" ;; esac
./configure --enable-static=yes --enable-shared=no --prefix=/usr/local/ --with-libgd=no --enable-ltdl=no --disable-swig --disable-sharp --disable-guile --disable-io --disable-java --disable-lua --disable-ocaml --disable-perl --disable-php --disable-python --disable-ruby --disable-tcl
replace these lines:
SUBDIRS = cdt graph agraph gd pathplan agutil sfio vmalloc ast vpsc \ circogen dotgen fdpgen neatogen twopigen common pack gvc \ ingraphs expr
with these lines:
SUBDIRS = cdt graph agraph gd pathplan vpsc \ circogen dotgen fdpgen neatogen twopigen common pack gvc \ ingraphs
make # builds most of "lib" (see Makefile changes), cmd/dot and cmd/tools - stops on cmd/gvpr make install
here is the command line I used to build “simple.c” (dot.demo/simple.c), after adding a few lines based on https://mailman.research.att.com/pipermail/graphviz-interest/2006q2/003586.html
X=simple;gcc -v -I'/usr/local/include/graphviz' -I'/usr/local/include' -o $X -O $X.c -L/usr/local/lib -L/usr/local/lib/graphviz -lgvc -lgraph -lpathplan -lcdt -lgvplugin_core -lgvplugin_dot_layout -lgvplugin_neao_layout -lgvplugin_gd -lgvplugin_pango -lgvc -lpathplan
If you desire to build directly using Visual Studio or other non-Unix-based environment, you will need to derive the necessary information from the supplied Makefiles.
(2.14 >= Graphviz versions >= 2.3)
We build Graphviz on Windows using the MS Visual C++ 6.0 compiler only. The simplest way to build the software from source on Windows is as follows:
Download the Windows source package.
Unwrap the package:
If you have Unix tools available, you can use
gunzip < graphviz-win.tgz | tar xf -
If not, double click on the file and WinZip should start up and let you store all of the files into a directory.
$ROOTbe the directory in which you stored the Graphviz source.
- Add the third-party libraries:
- zlib 1.1.3 http://www.gzip.org/zlib/
- libpng 1.0.6 http://www.libpng.org/pub/png
- jpeg-6b 62 http://www.ijg.org/
- freetype 2.1.7 http://freetype.sourceforge.net/
- expat http://expat.sourceforge.net/
The versions should be at least the ones indicated. You can download the files from https://www.graphviz.org/Misc/third-party.zip. Unzip the package in the
$ROOTdirectory; this will create a subdirectory called
third-party. Or you can obtain the libraries yourself, and install them in
$ROOT\third-partyAlso note that these libraries come with the binary release.
- Build the software in one of the following ways:
- Run the script
$ROOT\build.batwhile in the
$ROOTdirectory. You’ll first want to check that the
vcvariable points to your local installation of visual C. Obviously, this should be run in a DOS command window.
$ROOT\ws\graphviz.dswis the main workspace for the Graphviz libraries and graph drawing programs. The file
$ROOT\ws\tools.dswprovides the workspace for the additional Graphviz tools. Double-clicking on these files will open the workspaces using the MS Visual Studio, from which you can use the Build menu item to create the various libraries and programs.
Note that we have avoided all dependencies (i.e., there are no .dep files) because we found they tended to include absolute pathnames. If necessary, follow the order used in
build.batto be safe.
- If you have a Unix environment, with a real ksh, run the script
$ROOT\wmake.shafter setting the PATH, LIB and INCLUDE shell variables to the paths where the Visual C programs are installed on your machine, and the associated library and include file directories.
- Run the script
Once built, all of the libraries and programs will be found in
either the Release or Debug subdirectory of the corresponding source
directory. If you wish to install
the software somewhere, edit the file
set the variable
root to be the absolute pathname of the
directory where you want
the software installed, and then run the script
If you want to change source files, you can just do it and rebuild. If, however, you want to add new files or projects, you will have to redo the makefiles or scripts.
If you have problems or questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.